2.1 For the purposes of an application for a licence to conduct a dealing with a GMO, or for the conduct of a NLRD, the following categories of PC level and facility type can be used as a guide to the appropriate certified facility.

2.2 There may be reasons to depart from these categories where the dealings in a facility are proposed to involve more than one category of organism. Applications for certification, or for variation to the conditions of certification should include the reasons for needing to contain the different categories of organisms, along with supporting information about how the facility is designed to contain them and how any risks of escape will be managed.

PC 1 Facility


2.3 A facility certified as a PC 1 Facility is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below, provided it meets the specific requirements described in the PC 1 Facility guidelines for the dealing type:
  • GM micro-organisms (when there is less than or equal to 25 litres of culture of any one GMO);
  • GM animals (whether or not they contain micro-organisms) as permitted by the Gene Technology Regulations 2001;
  • non GM animals containing GM micro-organisms; and
  • non-GM plants that contain or host GMOs.
2.4 A PC 1 Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the Act, or under the conditions of a licence, requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 1

PC 1 Large Grazing Animals Facility


2.5 Permission may be given by the Regulator to use facilities of this type in certain limited circumstances in connection with dealings involving large grazing animals, which may include animals such as sheep, cattle, goats, pigs and horses. A person proposing to conduct such dealings may apply to the Regulator to conduct the dealings in this facility type.

2.6 The Regulator will not authorize the use of this containment level where a proposed dealing involves large grazing animals which could potentially shed or transmit GMOs.

PC 1 Large Scale Facility


2.7 A facility certified as a PC 1 Large Scale Facility is appropriate for the conduct of dealings when there is greater than 25 litres of culture of any one GMO.

2.8 A PC 1 Large Scale Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the Act, or under the conditions of a licence, requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 1;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any animals or aquatic organisms; or
  • the growing of any plants.

PC 2 Animal Facility


2.9 A facility certified as a PC 2 Animal Facility is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below:
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of GM animals (except invertebrates and aquatic organisms - including amphibians); or
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of animals (except invertebrates and aquatic organisms - including amphibians) that contain GMOs.
2.10 A PC 2 Animal Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the conditions of a licence or legislation requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 2;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any invertebrates, or aquatic organisms, for longer than the minimum time required to complete procedures on them;
  • the growing of any plants, unless they are integral to the dealing being conducted in the facility;
  • dealings producing more than 25 litres of liquid culture of GMOs in each vessel; or
  • any other work prohibited in writing by the Regulator.

PC 2 Aquatic Facility


2.11 A facility certified as a PC 2 Aquatic Facility is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below:
  • the keeping or rearing of GM aquatic organisms (including amphibians); or
  • the keeping or rearing of aquatic organisms (including amphibians) that contain GMOs.
2.12 A PC 2 Aquatic Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the conditions of a licence or legislation requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 2;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of non-aquatic vertebrates or invertebrates for longer than the minimum time required to complete procedures on them;
  • the growing of any non-aquatic plants unless they are integral to the dealing being conducted in the facility; or
  • any other work prohibited in writing by the Regulator.

PC 2 Constant Temperature Room


2.13 Constant Temperature Rooms are intended to store or grow GMOs. However, GMOs in the facility must always remain in primary containment.
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2.14 Examples of uses of Constant Temperature Rooms include: storing samples, cultures and seeds and incubating cultures, growing plants tissue and cell shaking.

2.15 A PC 2 Constant Temperature Room is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the conditions of a licence or legislation requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 2;
  • the housing of any animals including invertebrates and aquatic animals (except animals that are in diapause or another form of dormancy);
  • any dealing with a GMO outside of a primary container or where the primary container is opened, except for:
    • GM animal tissue cultures which do not contain any GM micro-organisms
    • GM multi-cellular plant tissue cultures which do not contain any GM micro-organisms
    • whole GM plants which do not contain any GM micro-organisms and:
      • do not contain any pollen, seed or other propagule; or
      • are contained within a plant growth cabinet that is screened to prevent the escape of seeds and pollen.
  • dealings producing 25 litres or more of liquid culture of GMOs in each vessel; and
  • any other work prohibited in writing by the Regulator.
2.16 Applicants are welcome to contact the OGTR to discuss their needs prior to making an application.

PC 2 Invertebrate Facility


2.17 A facility certified as a PC 2 Invertebrate Facility is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below:
  • the keeping or rearing of GM terrestrial invertebrates; or
  • the keeping or rearing of terrestrial invertebrates that contain GMOs.
2.18 A PC 2 Invertebrate Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the Act, or under the conditions of a licence or legislation, requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 2;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any terrestrial vertebrates, or aquatic organisms, for longer than the minimum time required to complete procedures on them;
  • the growing of any plants unless they are integral to the dealing being conducted in the facility;
  • dealings with GM invertebrates, or non GM invertebrates containing GM micro-organisms, where part of the life cycle is in water and where the volume in a single container is greater than 25 litres; or
  • any other work prohibited in writing by the Regulator.

PC 2 Laboratory


2.19 A facility certified as a PC 2 Laboratory is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below:
  • dealings with GM micro-organisms;
  • dealings with GM plant tissue culture or GM plants contained in a plant growth cabinet or other containment device approved in writing by the Regulator; and
  • performance of laboratory procedures involving animals, invertebrates, or aquatic organisms if not otherwise prohibited by licence conditions.
2.20 A PC 2 Laboratory is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the conditions of a licence or legislation requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 2;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any animals, invertebrates, or aquatic organisms for longer than the minimum time required to complete laboratory procedures on them;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any plants for longer than the minimum time required to complete laboratory procedures on them except those in tissue culture, contained in a plant growth cabinet or other containment device approved in writing by the Regulator;
  • dealings producing more than 25 litres of liquid culture of GMOs in each vessel; or
  • any other work prohibited in writing by the Regulator.

PC 2 Large Scale Facility


2.21 A facility certified as a PC 2 Large Scale Facility is appropriate for the conduct of dealings when there is greater than 25 litres of culture of any one GMO.
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2.22 A PC 2 Large Scale Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the Act, or under the conditions of a licence, requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 2;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any animals, invertebrates or aquatic organisms; or
  • the growing of any plants.

PC 2 Plant Facility


2.23 A facility certified as a PC 2 Plant Facility is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below:
  • the growing of GM terrestrial plants; or
  • the growing of terrestrial plants that contain GMOs.
2.24 A PC 2 Plant Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the conditions of a licence or legislation requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 2;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any animals, invertebrates, or aquatic organisms unless they are integral to the dealing being contained in the facility;
  • dealings producing more than 25 litres of liquid culture of GMOs in each vessel; or
  • any other work prohibited in writing by the Regulator.

PC 3 Animal Facility


2.25 A facility certified as a PC 3 Animal Facility is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below:
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of GM animals (except invertebrates and aquatic organisms - including amphibians, other than those integral to the dealings with GMOs being conducted in the facility); or
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of animals (except invertebrates and aquatic organisms - including amphibians, other than those integral to the dealings with GMOs being conducted in the facility) that contain GMOs.
2.26 A PC 3 Animal Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the conditions of a licence requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 3 or any GMO that is a Risk Group 4 organism as specified in AS/NZS 2243.3;
  • unless otherwise authorised by the Regulator, dealings with animals infected with GMOs where the work area of the facility forms the primary containment measure;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any invertebrates, or aquatic organisms, other than those integral to the dealings being conducted in the facility;
  • the growing of any plants other than those integral to the dealings being conducted in the facility; or
  • any other work prohibited by notification in writing by the Regulator.

PC 3 Invertebrate Facility


2.27 A facility certified as a PC 3 Invertebrate Facility is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below:
  • the keeping or rearing of GM terrestrial invertebrates;
  • the keeping or rearing of terrestrial invertebrates that contain GMOs; or
  • dealings with aquatic life stages of invertebrates that are necessary for dealings being conducted in the facility.
2.28 A PC 3 Invertebrate Facility is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the Act, or under the conditions of a licence, requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 3 or any GMO that is a Risk Group 4 organism as specified in AS/NZS 2243.3;
  • unless otherwise authorised by the Regulator, dealings with any aquatic organism except for the aquatic life stage of invertebrates that are necessary for dealings being conducted in the facility;
  • the growing of plants, beyond the minimum time that they are required for conducting the dealings with GMOs;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of terrestrial vertebrates, beyond the minimum time that they are required for conducting the dealings with GMOs;
  • dealing with invertebrates smaller than the aperture size of the screens fitted on the facility openings; or
  • any other work prohibited in writing by the Regulator.

PC 3 Laboratory


2.29 A facility certified as a PC 3 Laboratory is appropriate for the conduct of the dealings listed below:
  • dealings with GM micro-organisms;
  • laboratory procedures involving small terrestrial animals and invertebrates, if not otherwise prohibited by licence conditions;
  • laboratory procedures involving aquatic organisms (including amphibians), subject to additional conditions and if not otherwise prohibited by licence conditions; and
  • the growing of plants for no more than the minimum time required for conducting dealings with GMOs.
2.30 A PC 3 Laboratory is not appropriate for the following:
  • dealings with any GMO that under the conditions of a licence requires containment in any PC level higher than PC 3 or any GMO that is a Risk Group 4 organism as specified in AS/NZS 2243.3;
  • the housing/keeping/rearing of any animals, including invertebrates and aquatic organisms, beyond the minimum time that they are required for conducting the dealings with GMOs;
  • the growing of any plants beyond the minimum time that they are required for conducting the dealings with GMOs; or
  • any other work prohibited by notification in writing by the Regulator.

PC 4 Facility


2.31 A facility certified as a PC 4 Facility is appropriate for the conduct of dealings that are authorized by a licence requiring this level of containment.
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