Version 3.1 issued 1 July 2007

The guidelines (Part A) contain the requirements for certification of a Physical Containment Level 2 (PC2) Animal Facility issued pursuant to section 90 of the Gene Technology Act2000 (the Act).

Once a facility is certified, the certification instrument imposes conditions on the facility pursuant to section 86 of the Act. The conditions of certification (Part B) detail the usual conditions that will apply to a PC2 Animal Facility. Individual certification conditions may differ from these in some respect but generally an applicant can expect that their conditions will closely follow those published here. Once issued, the conditions may be varied by the Gene Technology Regulator as necessary and appropriate.

A list of the Australian/New Zealand Standards that are referenced throughout this document is also attached.

A separate document - Explanatory Information on Guidelines for Certification of Physical Containment Facilities - contains details about the process of certification. This document can be downloaded from the OGTR website.

Part A: Requirements for Certification

CONTAINMENT REQUIREMENTS THAT MUST BE MET IN ORDER FOR A PHYSICAL CONTAINMENT LEVEL 2 (PC2) ANIMAL FACILITY TO BE CERTIFIED BY THE GENE TECHNOLOGY REGULATOR (THE REGULATOR).

Section 90 of the Gene Technology Act 2000

These are the requirements for the certification of a PC2 Animal Facility issued under section 90 of the Gene Technology Act 2000 (the Act) and, as applicable, corresponding State legislation. These requirements apply to applications for certification of PC2 Animal Facilities received on or after the day on which these guidelines take effect.

To be granted certification, a facility must meet each of the requirements for certification of a PC2 Animal Facility, unless the facility receives a written exemption from meeting a particular requirement from the Regulator or a delegate of the Regulator.

Definitions and acronyms

Unless defined otherwise in these requirements, words and phrases used in the requirements have the same meaning as in the Act and the Gene Technology Regulations 2001.

Words in the singular include the plural and words in the plural include the singular.

Where any word or phrase is given a defined meaning, any other part of speech or other grammatical form in respect of that word has a corresponding meaning.

Where a word in the text is bolded, it indicates that the word has been defined (see below).

aerosol
Particulate matter, solid or liquid, small enough to remain suspended in air.

anteroom
An area or room between a pair of doors through which access is gained to the work area inside a facility.

The anteroom must not be used for performing any procedures with GMOs.

dealing or deal with
In relation to a GMO, means the following:
  1. conduct experiments with the GMO;
  2. make, develop, produce or manufacture the GMO;
  3. breed the GMO;
  4. propagate the GMO;
  5. use the GMO in the course of manufacture of a thing that is not the GMO;
  6. grow, raise or culture the GMO;
  7. import the GMO;
  8. transport the GMO;
  9. dispose of the GMO;
and includes the possession, supply or use of the GMO for the purposes of, or in the course of, a dealing mentioned in any of the paragraphs (a) to (i).

decontamination
A physical or chemical process which removes, kills or renders non-viable the GMOs being dealt with in the facility, but does not necessarily result in sterility.

environment
Includes:
  1. ecosystems and their constituent parts;
  2. natural and physical resources; and
  3. the qualities and characteristics of locations, places and areas.
facility
The whole of the space that is to be certified by the Regulator to a specific level of containment.

GM
Genetically Modified.

GMO
Genetically Modified Organism.

micro-organism
An organism too small to be viewed by the unaided eye, including bacteria, fungi, viruses and some multicellular organisms. For the purposes of these guidelines, this definition includes replication defective viral vectors.

OGTR
Office of the Gene Technology Regulator.

PC2
Physical Containment Level 2.

the Regulator
The Gene Technology Regulator.

work area
Any area inside a facility that is not performing the function of an anteroom.

Procedures with GMOs may only take place in the work area and any procedures with GMOs in the work area are subject to the conditions on the certification instrument.

Facility and fittings requirements

1. The facility to be certified must be a fully enclosable space bounded by walls, doors, windows, floors and ceilings. Doors must be lockable. If windows are able to be opened, they must be lockable.

NOTE: The walls, doors, windows, floors and ceilings form the physical containment barrier of the facility where dealings with GMOs will be conducted. This barrier protects all spaces outside the facility, including internal spaces of buildings in which a certified facility is located, and the environment.

2. The facility must have an anteroom. Entry to the facility must be through the anteroom. Where dealings in the facility have the potential to be disseminated via arthropods, the anteroom must have strategies in place to prevent the entry or exit of arthropods.

3. The facility boundaries (walls, doors, floors, ceilings etc.) must be designed to prevent the escape of the animals being contained.

4. If the facility has drainage exits, they must be fitted with barriers (e.g. liquid traps permanently filled with water, or fine mesh) to prevent arthropods or animals from entering the facility via the drains and to prevent the escape of arthropods or animals from the facility.

Dealings involving GM micro-organisms

If any of the dealings proposed to be conducted in the facility will involve GM micro-organisms, the facility must meet the following requirements in addition to all other requirements listed:

5. Any openings in the walls, ceiling or roof must be filtered at the boundary or screened with fine mesh screens capable of preventing the entry or exit of arthropods and animals. The filter or mesh must be of a material mechanically strong enough to withstand any airflow load, remain undamaged with regular cleaning and resist corrosion and penetration by arthropods and animals.

6. The following surfaces in the facility must be smooth, impermeable to water, cleanable, and resistant to damage by the cleaning agents and/or disinfectants that will be used in the facility:

  1. walls, floors, and benches;
  2. furniture, including seating; and
  3. any other surfaces, where contamination is likely to occur or where decontamination is required.
7. Open spaces between and under benches, cabinets and equipment in the facility must be accessible for decontamination.

NOTE: The requirement for access to open spaces is to allow for easier decontamination of spills and to reduce any persistence of GM micro-organisms on the floor.

8. The facility must contain either a wash basin fitted with taps of the hands-free operation type or some other means of decontaminating hands.

NOTE: Decontamination of hands is considered an important means of preventing unintentional release of GM micro-organisms and of protecting the health of facility personnel. If wash basins are to be used, the provision of hand-operated taps is not acceptable, as they are a ready source of contamination.

Alternatives to wash basins, such as dispensers filled with decontaminant solutions, are considered suitable.

9. Eyewash equipment (either plumbed eyewash equipment or single-use packs of sterile eye irrigation fluids) must be provided within the facility.

NOTE: AS/NZS 2982.1:1997 provides information on eyewash equipment. The Regulator does not require the placement of more than one piece of eyewash equipment in the facility for the purposes of flushing GM micro-organisms out of the eyes.

10. If any proposed dealings in the facility with GM micro-organisms that require PC2 containment will produce aerosols containing GM micro-organisms, then the facility must contain a biological safety cabinet, or other equipment specifically approved in writing by the Regulator that is designed to contain aerosols.

Where a Class I or Class II biological safety cabinet is installed, it must be installed in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZS 2647:2000.

11. Where any device or system that may cause contamination of a potable water supply with GM micro-organisms that require PC2 containment will be connected directly or indirectly to any part of a water service, a risk assessment of the GM micro-organisms that will be dealt with in the facility must be undertaken to determine whether backflow prevention on the water supplied to the facility is necessary. The backflow prevention risk assessment must be provided with the application for certification.

If backflow prevention is necessary, then backflow prevention measures must be implemented in accordance with the requirements of Section 4 of AS/NZS 3500.1:2003.

NOTE: More information on the risk assessment can be found in the OGTRs operational Policy on Backflow Prevention in Certified Facilities on the OGTR website.

Section 4 of AS/NZS 3500.1:2003 specifies the requirements and methods for the prevention of contamination of potable water within the water service and the water main, and provides for the selection and installation of backflow prevention devices.

Capacity to comply with certification conditions

12. The applicant must be able to demonstrate a capacity to comply with the conditions of certification that will generally be applied to a certified PC2 Animal Facility. These conditions are found in Part B of this document.

Part B: Conditions of Certification

Conditions are imposed on facilities by the Regulator at the time of certification pursuant to section 86 of the Gene Technology Act 2000 (the Act). The condition clauses in this section are the ones that can be expected, in most cases, to be included in the certification instrument as the conditions of certification for a Physical Containment Level 2 (PC2) Animal Facility.

Definitions and acronyms

Unless defined otherwise in these conditions, words and phrases used in the conditions have the same meaning as the Act and the Gene Technology Regulations 2001.

Words in the singular include the plural and words in the plural include the singular.

Where any word or phrase is given a defined meaning, any other part of speech or other grammatical form in respect of that word has a corresponding meaning.

Where a word in the text is bolded, it indicates that the word has been defined (see below).

aerosol
Particulate matter, solid or liquid, small enough to remain suspended in air.

anteroom
An area or room between a pair of doors through which access is gained to the work area inside a facility.

The anteroom must not be used for performing any procedures with GMOs.

autoclave
Pressure steam steriliser.

dealing or deal with
In relation to a GMO, means the following:
  1. conduct experiments with the GMO;
  2. make, develop, produce or manufacture the GMO;
  3. breed the GMO;
  4. propagate the GMO;
  5. use the GMO in the course of manufacture of a thing that is not the GMO;
  6. grow, raise or culture the GMO;
  7. import the GMO;
  8. transport the GMO;
  9. dispose of the GMO;
and includes the possession, supply or use of the GMO for the purposes of, or in the course of, a dealing mentioned in any of the paragraphs (a) to (i).

decontamination
A physical or chemical process which removes, kills or renders non-viable the GMOs being dealt with in the facility, but does not necessarily result in sterility.

environment
Includes:
  1. ecosystems and their constituent parts;
  2. natural and physical resources; and
  3. the qualities and characteristics of locations, places and areas.
facility
The whole of the space that is to be certified by the Regulator to a specific level of containment.

GM
Genetically Modified.

GMO
Genetically Modified Organism.

micro-organism
An organism too small to be viewed by the unaided eye, including bacteria, fungi, viruses and some multicellular organisms. For the purposes of these guidelines, this definition includes replication defective viral vectors.

NLRD
Notifiable Low Risk Dealing.

OGTR
Office of the Gene Technology Regulator.

PC2
Physical Containment Level 2.

primary container
The container directly surrounding the GMO.

sealed
Able to contain and prevent the escape/release of all GMOs or GM reproductive material (including gametes), including under standard transport conditions.

secondary container
The container immediately surrounding the primary container.

the Regulator
The Gene Technology Regulator.

unbreakable
Able to maintain integrity under all reasonably expected conditions of transport such as pressures, forces, impacts, temperatures and moisture.

work area
Any area inside a facility that is not performing the function of an anteroom.

Procedures with GMOs may only take place in the work area and any procedures with GMOs in the work area are subject to the conditions on the certification instrument.

Work not permitted in this facility type

1. The following work must not be conducted in this facility:
  1. dealings with any GMO that under the conditions of a licence requires containment in any physical containment level higher than PC2;
  2. the housing/keeping/rearing of any arthropods, or aquatic organisms, for longer than the minimum time required to complete procedures on them;
  3. the growing of any plants;
  4. dealings with GMO cultures greater than 25 litres; or
  5. any other work notified in writing by the Regulator.

Facility and fittings conditions

2. The certification holder must ensure that the physical attributes of the facility and fittings are maintained so that the relevant Facility and fittings requirements continue to be met, in particular:
    2.1. The facility must be maintained so that it is a fully enclosable space bounded by walls, doors, windows, floors and ceilings. Doors and any windows which are able to be opened must be maintained so they are lockable.

    2.2. The facility must continue to have an anteroom. Entry to the facility must be through the anteroom. Where dealings in the facility have the potential to be disseminated via arthropods, the anteroom must keep strategies in place to prevent the entry or exit of arthropods.

    2.3. The facility boundaries (walls, doors, floors, ceilings etc.) must be maintained to continue to prevent the escape of the animals being contained.

    2.4. If the facility has drainage exits, they must continue to be fitted with barriers (e.g. liquid traps which must remain filled with water, or fine mesh which must remain intact) to prevent arthropods or animals from entering the facility via the drains and to prevent the escape of arthropods or animals from the facility.

    2.5. Prior to any significant structural changes that will affect the containment of GMOs in the facility, the applicant must either:

      2.5.1. request a suspension of the certification, in writing, from the Regulator; or

      2.5.2. request a variation to the conditions of certification in writing, from the Regulator, to allow dealings to continue in a part of the facility unaffected by the structural changes.

    NOTE: For example, it may be possible to temporarily partition the facility to provide containment for GMOs at one end while the other end is being modified.

    2.6. Before a suspension of the certification can be lifted, the facility must be inspected by a person qualified to assess the facilitys compliance with the conditions listed under Facility and fittings conditions to ensure that the facility meets the conditions of certification. Dealings with GMOs must not recommence in a facility which has its certification suspended until the Regulator has lifted the suspension by notice in writing.

    2.7. Dealings must not be conducted in a part of the facility that has been excluded from the facility by variation, until the Regulator approves a further variation to allow the resumption of dealings in that part of the facility
Dealings involving GM micro-organisms

Where any of the dealings conducted in the facility involve GM micro-organisms, the facility must meet the following conditions in addition to all other conditions listed:

    2.8. Any openings in the walls, ceiling or roof must continue to be filtered at the boundary or screened with fine mesh screens capable of preventing the entry or exit of arthropods and animals. The filter or mesh must be maintained to withstand any airflow load, regular cleaning, corrosion and penetration by arthropods and animals.

    2.9. The following surfaces in the facility must be maintained so they continue to be smooth, impermeable to water, cleanable, and resistant to damage by the cleaning agents and/or disinfectants that will be used in the facility:
    1. walls, floors, and benches;
    2. furniture, including seating; and
    3. any other surfaces, where contamination is likely to occur or where decontamination is required.

    2.10. The facility must be operated so that open spaces between and under benches, cabinets and equipment in the facility can be accessed for decontamination when required.

    2.11. The facility must continue to contain either a wash basin fitted with taps of the hands-free operation type or some other means of decontaminating hands.

    NOTE: Alternatives to wash basins, such as dispensers filled with decontaminant solutions, are considered suitable.

    2.12. Eyewash equipment (either plumbed eyewash equipment or single-use packs of sterile eye irrigation fluids) must be maintained within the facility.

    2.13. Where dealings in the facility with GM micro-organisms that require PC2 containment produce aerosols containing GM micro-organisms, then the facility must continue to contain a biological safety cabinet, or other equipment specifically approved in writing by the Regulator that is designed to contain aerosols.

    NOTE: Procedures with GM micro-organisms such as centrifuging and vortexing that use sealed tubes need not be carried out in a biological safety cabinet, provided that the tubes are opened in a biological safety cabinet.

    2.14. Where any Class I or Class II biological safety cabinet is installed and used for procedures with GM micro-organisms, it must be used and decontaminated in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZS 2647:2000.

    2.15. Where any Class I or Class II biological safety cabinet is installed and used for procedures with GM micro-organisms, it must be inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZS 2647:2000. This testing is required at least every 12 months, and additionally after relocation of a cabinet, after mechanical or electrical maintenance, and after high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters are replaced. The inspection and testing of cabinets must be carried out by a qualified person.

    The cabinets must be tested for containment efficiency and a certificate, summarising the test results and the date of the next test, must be affixed to the cabinet.

    Where testing has shown that the performance requirements for inward air velocity or HEPA filter integrity (Class I), or air barrier containment or exhaust HEPA filter integrity (Class II) are not met and the defect has not been corrected, the cabinet must be clearly marked to show that it is unsafe and must not be used for procedures that produce aerosols containing GM micro-organisms.

    2.16. The effectiveness of any heat-based equipment used to decontaminateGMOs must be validated monthly and the results of each months testing kept for the previous 12 months and made available to the Regulator if requested.

    If an autoclave is used to decontaminate GMOs, the effectiveness of the autoclave must be validated by the use of:
    1. thermocouples or resistance thermometers, to ensure that the required temperature has been achieved; or
    2. chemical indicators which use a combination of moisture, heat and time and which progressively change colour with the time exposed at the specified temperature; or
    3. biological indicators such as spore strips; or
    4. enzyme indicators.

    2.17. Any heat-based equipment used to decontaminateGMOs must be calibrated annually by a qualified person and the results of each years calibration must be kept for the previous 5 years and made available to the Regulator if requested. When an autoclave is used for decontamination, this must include calibration of the thermocouple and safety valves.

    2.18. If any decontamination equipment is found to be defective and the defect has not been corrected, the equipment must be clearly marked to show that it is defective and must not be used for decontaminating GMOs, waste or equipment associated with dealings with GMOs until the defect has been corrected.

    2.19. Any backflow prevention measures in place either at the time of certification or installed at a later time must be maintained until a change in the measures is indicated by a review of the risk assessment.

    NOTE: More information on the risk assessment can be found in the OGTRs operational Policy on Backflow Prevention in Certified Facilities on the OGTR website.

    2.20. Where no backflow prevention device was installed at the time of certification of the facility, the need for installation of a backflow prevention device must be reviewed when:

      2.20.1. any device or system that may cause contamination of a potable water supply is connected directly or indirectly to any part of the water service to the facility where no such connections were made prior to the certification of the facility; or

      2.20.2. previous connections were made prior to certification and were assessed as not requiring backflow prevention measures, but a new GM micro-organism is to be dealt with in the facility that presents different risks from the GM micro-organisms assessed at the time of certification.

    2.21. If installation of backflow prevention becomes necessary, then backflow prevention measures must be implemented in accordance with the requirements of Section 4 of AS/NZS 3500.1:2003.

    NOTE: Section 4 of AS/NZS 3500.1:2003 specifies the requirements and methods for the prevention of contamination of potable water within the water service and the water main, and provides for the selection and installation of backflow prevention devices.

    2.22. Any new or reviewed backflow prevention risk assessments must be kept and made available to the Regulator if requested.

    2.23. If the facility is fitted with any testable water supply backflow prevention devices (in accordance with AS/NZS 3500.1:2003), these devices must pass a test every 12 months. These tests must be conducted in accordance with AS 2845.3:1993 by a licensed plumber accredited to test backflow prevention devices. Any failures must be rectified and the device re-tested until compliance is achieved. Documentation of the last five years test results must be kept and made available to the Regulator if requested.

General conditions

3. If the certification holder is not the owner of the facility, fittings and/or containment equipment and does not have the authority to maintain the facility, fittings and/or containment equipment, the certification holder must notify the Regulator in writing if the owner of the facility, fittings and/or containment equipment is incapable of carrying out, or refuses to carry out, or otherwise does not carry out, any maintenance required in order for the certification holder to continue to comply with the conditions of certification.

4. The facility must be inspected at least once every 12 months by a person qualified to assess the facilitys compliance with the conditions listed under the Facility and fittings conditions. An inspection report which records the extent of compliance with those conditions must be made. A copy of the last five years inspection reports must be kept and made available to the Regulator if requested.

NOTE: A checklist which may be used for annual inspections of PC2 Animal Facilities is available on the OGTR web site but its use is not mandatory. Annual inspection reports should not be sent to the Regulator unless requested.

5. Each access door to the facility must be labelled with the following adhesive signs:
  1. a PC2 sign, as supplied by the OGTR; and
  2. a biohazard symbol.
The signs must be placed on or next to each access door to the facility so that persons entering the facility are able to clearly see they are entering a certified PC2 facility.

NOTE: Signs do not need to be displayed on or next to the outside of dedicated emergency only exits. Signs may be stuck onto removable fixtures, such as backing boards or plastic frames, which must be secured to the door or wall and must not be transferred to any other location.

6. A supply of disinfectants effective against the GM micro-organisms being dealt with in the facility must be available in the facility for decontamination purposes. All containers of disinfectants, including any solutions for decontaminating hands, must be labelled with the contents and, where necessary, the expiry date. Solutions must not be used after the expiry date.

7. A strategy must be in place to control pests in the facility.

Obligations of the certification holder in respect of users of the facility

8. While any dealings with GMOs are being conducted in the facility, the certification holder must ensure that access to the facility is restricted to authorised persons.

9. For the purposes of condition 8, an authorised person is a person who:
  1. intends to undertake dealings, and has been trained in accordance with the Behavioural Requirements listed at Part C of this document;
  2. has signed, dated and provided to the certification holder a record of the training referred to in paragraph 9(a) above; and
  3. has not been excluded from the facility by the certification holder on the direction of the Regulator;

  4. or
  5. is an individual, or class of person, who does not intend to undertake dealings and has the permission of the certification holder, the facility manager or other representative of the certification holder, to enter the facility.
10. If the Regulator requests the certification holder to provide a signed and dated record of the training provided to a particular authorised person, or class of person, the signed and dated record of that training must be available to the Regulator within a time period stipulated by the Regulator.

11. If the Regulator directs the certification holder to exclude a person, or class of person, from entry to the facility on the grounds that the person, or class of person:
  1. has behaved, or is behaving, in a manner which has caused, or which may cause, GMOs to escape from the facility; or
  2. has behaved, or is behaving, in a manner which has exposed, or exposes, other persons in the facility to a GMO in circumstances where the exposure causes, or is capable of causing, a threat to the health and safety of those other persons;
the certification holder must exclude that person, or class of person, from the facility unless and until otherwise directed by the Regulator.

12. If the Regulator directs the certification holder to admit a person, or class of person, to the facility subject to conditions, the certification holder must only admit the person, or class of person, subject to those conditions.

13. For the purposes of condition 12, before admitting a person, or class of person, subject to conditions, the certification holder must notify the person(s) of any conditions that apply to them.

14. If the Regulator invites the certification holder to make a submission on whether or not a person, or class of person, should:
  1. be excluded from entry to the facility; or
  2. be admitted to the facility subject to conditions;
the certification holder may make such a submission within a time period stipulated by the Regulator.

15. If the certification holder is not the owner of the facility and does not have the authority to admit and exclude persons from the premises, the certification holder must not allow dealings in the facility until such authority is obtained in writing from the owner of the facility. If the certification holder does not have the capacity to prevent dealings from occurring, the certification holder must notify the Regulator of this in writing as soon as reasonably possible.

16. The Regulator or a person authorised by the Regulator must, at all reasonable times, be allowed to enter the facility for the purposes of auditing or monitoring the conditions applying to the facility and any dealings being conducted in it.

Part C: Behavioural Requirements

Doors & windows

1. Except during the entry and exit of personnel, supplies, and/or equipment, doors of the facility must be closed while procedures with GMOs are being conducted. Entrance doors into the facility must remain locked when facility personnel are not in attendance. Dedicated emergency only exits must not be used except in emergencies.

2. Windows must be closed and locked while GM animals or animals containing GM micro-organisms are in the facility.

Handling of animals

3. Handling of the GM animals or animals containing GM micro-organisms, and any experimental procedures conducted on the animals, must be carried out in a way that minimises the chance of escape of the animals.

4. When not being handled, the GM animals or animals containing GM micro-organisms must be kept in containers or cages designed to prevent the escape of the animals being contained.

NOTE: The facility physical boundaries alone are not sufficient for containment.

5. All animals or cages/containers of animals must be labelled. Cages or containers must be labelled to enable identification of the animals being contained and to indicate the number of animals in the containers. Large animals must be clearly marked so they can be readily identified (e.g. with a tattoo, permanent tag, microchip or permanent brand). Some documented system of accounting for the number of animals in the facility must be used. The documentation must be made available to the Regulator if requested.

Non-GMOs in the facility

6. Persons undertaking work on non-GMOs in the facility while a GMO dealing is occurring are subject to these requirements unless:

  1. procedures are implemented to ensure that animals involved in non-GMO work are not mixed with animals involved in GMO dealings;
  2. the above procedures are documented; and
  3. the outermost container must be free of contamination with GMOs prior to being transported out of the facility.
NOTE: Means of preventing mixing of animals involved in non-GMO work with animals involved in GMO dealings could include physical separation of the work, or separation by working at different times and ensuring any contaminated surfaces are decontaminated prior to commencing work with non-GMOs.

Decontamination

7. All decontamination procedures must be carried out by trained personnel.

8. GMOs must be rendered non-viable prior to disposal.

9. Wastes containing GMOs must be decontaminated prior to disposal.

10. Decontamination can be effected by autoclaving or other heat treatment, incineration, chemical treatment, or by any other method approved in writing by the Regulator.

NOTE: Autoclavingis the most reliable means of decontamination, however this method is not applicable in all situations.

11. Any heat-based treatment must be performed using a combination of temperature and time that has been validated as effective in rendering the GMOs non-viable.

NOTE: If an autoclave is used for decontamination:

  1. loads must be packed and loaded to allow for the penetration of steam into the material being decontaminated in accordance with AS/NZS 2243.3:2003;
  2. the coldest part of the load must be exposed to a minimum temperature of 121ºC and 103 kPa for at least 15 minutes or at 134ºC and 203 kPa for at least 3 minutes in accordance with AS/NZS 2243.3:2003; and
  3. measures must be taken to ensure that loads that have been processed can be differentiated from loads that have not (e.g. by use of autoclave tape).
12. Incineration must be performed in a high temperature, high efficiency incinerator that has been approved by the relevant government authority in the jurisdiction where the incinerator is located.

13. Any chemical disinfectant treatment must be effective in rendering the GMO non-viable.

NOTE: AS/NZS 2243.3:2003 is a recommended source of information when selecting and using chemical disinfectant agents.

14. Decontamination can take place in the facility, or at another location, providing the GMOs, equipment, waste or clothing are transported to the decontamination site in accordance with any transport guidelines and other relevant guidelines issued by the Regulator.

Removal, storage and escape/spills of GMOs

15. GMOs which require containment in a PC2 facility must not be removed from the facility unless:

  1. they are to be transported to another containment facility certified by the Regulator to at least PC2;
  2. they are to be transported to another location for storage;
  3. they are to be transported to another location to be decontaminated prior to disposal;
  4. written permission, such as a licence, has been given by the Regulator for transport to another destination within Australia; or
  5. subject to obtaining any required permits, they are to be transported to the Australian border for export.
16. All GMOs, animals containing GM micro-organisms, GM sperm, GM ova, GM embryos or animal tissue containing GM micro-organisms being transported out of the facility must be transported in accordance with any transport guidelines and other relevant guidelines issued by the Regulator.

17. Whole live GM animals (excepting GM sperm, GM ova and GM embryos) cannot be stored outside of the facility.

18. GM sperm, GM ova, GM embryos, GM micro-organisms or animal tissue containing GM micro-organisms may be stored outside the facility in a storage unit (freezer, fridge, controlled temperature room or other container). A biohazard symbol must be posted on the storage unit. The storage unit must be locked when not in use, unless access is restricted to the room or area where the storage unit is located. Access to the storage unit must be restricted or controlled to prevent the unintentional release of propagative GM material into the environment.

19. GM sperm, GM ova, GM embryos, GM micro-organisms or animal tissue containing GM micro-organisms being stored outside the facility must be double-contained. The primary container must be sealed to prevent the escape or release of the propagative GM material and must be labelled. The primary container must be stored in an unbreakable secondary container. In the case of a small storage unit such as a fridge, freezer or liquid nitrogen container, the secondary container may be the storage unit.

20. In the case of NLRDs, the notifying organisation must authorise the storage of GM sperm, GM ova, GM embryos, GM micro-organisms or animal tissue containing GM micro-organisms outside of the facility.

21. If a GM animal or animal containing GM micro-organisms escapes within the facility, trapping devices must be used to capture the animal and the animal must be returned to its container or cage or euthanased.

22. Documented procedures must be in place to decontaminate any spills involving GM sperm, GM ova, GM embryos, GM micro-organisms or animal tissue containing GM micro-organisms inside or outside the facility. The procedures must be made available to the Regulator if requested.

23. If a spill of GM sperm, GM ova, GM embryos, GM micro-organisms or animal tissue containing GM micro-organisms occurs inside the facility, the spills procedures must be implemented to decontaminate the spill as soon as reasonably possible.

24. If a spill of GM sperm, GM ova, GM embryos, GM micro-organisms or animal tissue containing GM micro-organisms occurs outside the facility, the spills procedures must be implemented to ensure that all spilt material is recovered and any contaminated surfaces are decontaminated.

25. Any real or suspected unintentional release of GMOs outside the facility, including spills, must be reported to the Regulator as soon as reasonably possible.

Dealings involving GM micro-organisms

If any of the dealings proposed to be conducted in the facility will involve GM micro-organisms, the behavioural training must encompass the following requirements in addition to all other requirements listed:

Personal protective clothing

26. The following personal protective clothing must be worn by personnel undertaking dealings with GM micro-organisms in the facility:

  1. protective clothing to afford protection to the front part of the body; and


  2. NOTE: A rear-fastening gown is preferable.

  3. gloves, when dealing with GM micro-organisms which fit into the classification of Risk Group 2 or higher, as described in AS/NZS 2243.3:2003 Section 3.2.
27. Personal protective clothing must be removed before leaving the facility. This does not apply if moving directly to another containment facility, certified to at least PC2 by the Regulator, that is directly connected to the facility or is connected by a corridor that is not a public thoroughfare and in which there is negligible risk of cross-contamination should other personnel be encountered or contacted in the corridor.

NOTE: The Regulator recommends the provision and use of coat hooks or similar for the storage of personal protective clothing.

Containment equipment

28. Any procedures in the facility with GM micro-organisms that require PC2 containment that produce aerosols containing GM micro-organisms must be performed in the biological safety cabinet or other aerosol containment equipment approved in writing by the Regulator.

Decontamination

29. Work benches, surfaces and equipment where procedures involving GM micro-organisms have taken place must be decontaminated when the dealings are completed.

30. Equipment, pens, cages or bedding contaminated with GM micro-organisms must be decontaminated before being removed from the facility.

31. Carcasses of animals containing GM micro-organisms must be decontaminated once dealings are completed by autoclaving, incineration or any other method approved in writing by the Regulator.

32. Protective clothing contaminated with or suspected to be contaminated with GM micro-organisms must be taken off as soon as practicable and decontaminated prior to reuse. Protective clothing that has not been contaminated with GM micro-organisms may be washed using normal laundry methods. Gloves must be disposed of.

33. Persons who have been performing procedures with GM micro-organisms in the facility must decontaminate their hands before leaving the facility.

NOTE: This may include the use of soap and water, if appropriate. If wash basins are to be used, the use of hand operated taps is not acceptable, as they are a ready source of contamination.

Labelling

34. All cultures of GM micro-organisms must be clearly labelled. Any unlabelled viable material must be treated as a GMO and handled in accordance with these conditions.

NOTE: Labelling enables the separation of GM work from non-GM work and enhances the control of GMOs within the facility.

Storage

35. All cultures of GM micro-organisms being stored inside the facility must be sealed during storage to prevent dissemination of the GMOs.

NOTE: The type of container necessary to prevent the GMOs from escaping will vary depending on the type of organisms being stored.

Attachment 1

Standards referenced in this document

AS followed by a number or other identification is a reference to the Australian Standard so numbered or identified.

AS/NZS followed by a number or other identification is a reference to the Australian/New Zealand Standard so numbered or identified.

AS/NZS 2243.3:2003
Safety in laboratories
Part 3: Microbiological aspects and containment facilities

AS/NZS 2647:2000
Biological safety cabinets
Installation and use

AS 2845.3:1993
Water supply - Backflow prevention devices
Part 3: Field testing and maintenance

AS/NZS 2982.1:1997
Laboratory design and construction
Part 1: General requirements

AS/NZS 3500.1:2003
Plumbing and drainage
Part 1: Water services Top of Page