243. Under section 56 of the Act, the Regulator must not issue a licence unless satisfied that any risks posed by the dealings proposed to be authorised by the licence are able to be managed in a way that protects the health and safety of people and the environment. All licences are required to be subject to three conditions prescribed in the Act.

244. Section 63 of the Act requires that each licence holder inform relevant people of their obligations under the licence. Other mandatory statutory conditions contemplate the Regulator maintaining oversight of licensed dealings. For example, section 64 requires the licence holder to provide access to premises to OGTR monitors, and section 65 requires the licence holder to report any information about risks or unintended effects of the dealing to the Regulator on becoming aware of them. Matters related to the ongoing suitability of the licence holder are also required to be reported to the Regulator.

245. It is a further requirement that the licence be subject to any conditions imposed by the Regulator. Examples of the matters to which conditions may relate are listed in section 62 of the Act. Licence conditions can be imposed to limit and control the scope of the dealings and the possession, supply, use, transport or disposal of the GMOs for the purposes of, or in the course of, a dealing. In addition, the Regulator has extensive powers to monitor compliance with licence conditions under section 152 of the Act.