The Gene Technology Act 2000 (the Act) makes a distinction between genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and genetically modified (GM) products.

Genetically Modified Product

Definition: A genetically modified product (GM product) means a thing (other than a GMO) derived or produced from a GMO (section 10 of the Act). For example, a recombinant protein such as insulin produced by GM bacteria and purified for clinical use.

The Gene Technology Regulator does not directly regulate the use of GM products in Australia because GM products are usually regulated by other regulatory agencies. This avoids duplication of regulatory oversight. For example, Food Standards Australia New Zealand is responsible for the safety assessment of genetically modified foods, and the use of GM products as human therapeutics is regulated by the Therapeutic Goods Administration.

Information about GM products approved by other regulatory agencies can be sought directly from the relevant agency:

Relevant AgencyAgency website
Food Standards Australia New
Therapeutic Goods
National Industrial Chemical Notification and Assessment
Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines

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