About the GMO tables

The following tables provide a summary of GMOs released into the environment.

GMOs can be released for a limited time under specified conditions (limited and controlled release) or without a time limit on their release (“Commercial release”). Some restrictions on commercial releases may still apply.

All releases are assigned a licence number and referred to as “DIR” which is short for “Dealings involving intentional release” into the environment. “Dealing” with GMO includes many activities such as conduct experiments, make, develop, produce, transport and dispose.

In addition to licences, there is also a “GMO Register”. The Regulator can decide that certain dealings previously authorised by a licence may be included in the GMO Register. Dealings on the GMO register no longer require a licence, they can be conducted by anyone.

Table of applications and authorisations for Dealings involving Intentional Release (DIR) into the environment
Licence No Organisation Title of Project Parent Organism Modified Trait Issue Date Licence Status
DIR 120Monsanto Australia LtdLimited and controlled release of cotton genetically modified for insect resistance and herbicide tolerance (Monsanto Australia Ltd)Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance and Herbicide tolerance12 Jul 2013Surrendered
DIR 119The University of Western AustraliaLimited and controlled release of narrow-leafed lupin genetically modified for herbicide tolerance (University of Western Australia)Narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.)Herbicide tolerance03 May 2013Surrendered
DIR 117CSIROLimited and controlled release of wheat and barley genetically modified for altered grain composition or nutrient utilisation efficiency (CSIRO)Wheat and Barley (Triticum aestivum L. and Hordeum vulgare L.)composition - food (human nutrition), Yield, Selectable marker - antibiotic13 Mar 2013Surrendered
DIR 116PPD Australia Pty LtdLimited and Controlled Release Of Genetically Modified Live Viral Vaccines Against Prostate CancerVaccinia Virus, Fowlpox virusVaccine - attenuation, Vaccine - antigen expression05 Oct 2012Surrendered
DIR 114Pioneer Hi-Bred Australia Pty LtdLimited and controlled release of canola genetically modified for herbicide tolerance Canola (Brassica napus L.)Herbicide tolerance11 May 2012Surrendered
DIR 112CSIROLimited and controlled release of wheat and barley genetically modified for altered grain composition and nutrient utilisation efficiency Wheat and barley ( Triticum aestivum L. and Hordeum vulgare L.)Composition - food (human nutrition), Yield, Selectable marker - antibiotic21 Mar 2012Surrendered
DIR 107Queensland University of TechnologyLimited and controlled release of banana genetically modified for disease resistanceBanana (Musa spp.)Disease resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression12 Jan 2011Surrendered
DIR 105Monsanto Australia LtdLimited and controlled release of canola genetically modified for herbicide toleranceCanola (Brassica napus L.) Herbicide tolerance22 Dec 2010Surrendered
DIR 101Monsanto Australia LtdLimited and controlled release of cotton genetically modified for insect resistance and herbicide toleranceCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker – antibiotic, Reporter gene expression16 Jul 2010Surrendered
DIR 100CSIROLimited and controlled release of wheat genetically modified for enhanced carbon assimilation in drought and heat prone environments Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)Yield, Abiotic stress tolerance, Selectable marker - herbicide, Selectable marker - antibiotic23 Jun 2010Surrendered
DIR 099CSIROLimited and controlled release of wheat and barley genetically modified for altered grain composition or nutrient utilisation efficiencyWheat and Barley (Triticum aestivum L. and Hordeum vulgare L.)Composition - food (human nutrition), Yield, Selectable marker - antibiotic11 Jun 2010Surrendered
DIR 096Sugar Research Australia Ltd (formerly BSES Limited)Limited and controlled release of sugarcane genetically modified for herbicide toleranceSugarcane (Saccharum spp.)Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression11 Nov 2009Surrendered
DIR 095Sugar Research Australia Ltd (formerly BSES Limited)Limited and controlled release of sugarcane genetically modified for altered plant growth, enhanced drought tolerance, enhanced nitrogen use efficiency, altered sucrose accumulation, and improved cellulosic ethanol production from sugarcane biomassSugarcane (Saccharum spp.)Plant development, Abiotic stress tolerance, Yield, Composition - non-food (processing), Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression24 Jul 2009Surrendered
DIR 094CSIROLimited and controlled release of wheat and barley genetically modified for enhanced nutrient utilisation efficiencyWheat and Barley (Triticum aestivum L. and Hordeum vulgare L.)Yield, Selectable marker - antibiotic10 Jul 2009Surrendered
DIR 093CSIROLimited and controlled release of wheat and barley genetically modified for altered grain starch compositionWheat and Barley (Triticum aestivum L. and Hordeum vulgare L.)Composition - food (human nutrition), Selectable marker - antibiotic05 Jun 2009Surrendered
DIR 092CSIROLimited and controlled release of wheat genetically modified for altered grain compositionWheat (Triticum aestivum L.)Composition - food (human nutrition), Composition - food (processing), Selectable marker -antibiotic28 May 2009Surrendered
DIR 090Florigene Pty LtdCommercial release of rose genetically modified for altered flower colourRose (Rosa X hybrida)Modified colour, Selectable marker -antibiotic 19 Jun 2009Surrendered
DIR 087/2008Bayer CropScience Pty LtdLimited and controlled release of cotton genetically modified for insect resistance and herbicide toleranceCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - herbicide08 Dec 2008Surrendered
DIR 086/2008CSIROLimited and controlled release of maize genetically modified to investigate gene functionMaize (corn) (Zea mays L.)Gene tagging, Selectable marker -antibiotic, Selectable marker - herbicide, Reporter gene expression03 Dec 2008Surrendered
DIR 084/2008Florigene Pty LtdLimited and controlled release of torenia genetically modified for enhanced phosphate uptakeTorenia (Torenia x hybrida)Bioremediation, Selectable marker - antibiotic04 Sep 2008Surrendered
DIR 083/2007CSIROLimited and controlled release of cotton genetically modified for enhanced waterlogging toleranceCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Abiotic stress tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic01 Aug 2008Surrendered
DIR 082/2007Victorian Department of Primary IndustriesLimited and controlled release of perennial ryegrass and tall fescue genetically modified for improved forage qualitiesPerennial ryegrass and tall fescue (Lolium perenne L.) and (Lolium arundinaceum) (Schreb.) DarbyshComposition - animal nutrition, Selectable marker - antibiotic29 Jul 2008Surrendered
DIR 081/2007Monsanto Australia LtdLimited and controlled release of cotton genetically modified for enhanced water use efficiencyCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Abiotic stress tolerance, Selectable marker - herbicide, Selectable marker - antibiotic16 Sep 2008Surrendered
DIR 080/2007Victorian Department of Primary IndustriesLimited and controlled release of wheat genetically modified for drought toleranceWheat (Triticum aestivum L.)Abiotic stress tolerance, Selectable marker - herbicide30 Jun 2008Surrendered
DIR 079/2007Queensland University of TechnologyLimited and controlled release of banana genetically modified for disease resistanceBanana (Musa. acuminata cv. Grande Naine)Disease resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression11 Jul 2008Surrendered
DIR 078/2007The University of QueenslandLimited and controlled release of sugarcane genetically modified for altered sugar productionSugarcane (Saccharum spp.)Product quality - food, Selectable marker - antibiotic29 Aug 2008Surrendered
DIR 077/2007The University of AdelaideLimited and controlled release of wheat and barley genetically modified for enhanced tolerance to abiotic stresses or increased beta glucanWheat and barley (Triticum aestivum) and (Hordeum vulgare)Abiotic stress tolerance, Composition - food (human nutrition), Selectable marker - antibiotic06 Jun 2008Surrendered
DIR 076/2007Queensland University of TechnologyLimited and controlled release of banana genetically modified for enhanced nutritionBanana (Musa. acuminata cv. Williams)Composition - food (human nutrition), Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression28 Apr 2008Surrendered
DIR 074/2007Monsanto Australia LtdLimited and controlled release of GM insect resistant and/or herbicide tolerant Gossypium barbadense cottonCotton (Gossypium barbadense L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression07 Nov 2007Surrendered
DIR 073/2007Monsanto Australia LtdLimited and controlled release of GM insect resistant and insect resistant/herbicide tolerant cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic11 Sep 2007Surrendered
DIR 071/2006Victorian Department of Primary IndustriesLimited and Controlled Release of GM drought tolerant wheatWheat (Triticum aestivum L.)Abiotic stress tolerance, Selectable marker - herbicide13 Jun 2007Surrendered
DIR 070/2006BSES LimitedLimited and controlled release of GM sugarcane with altered plant architecture, enhanced water or improved nitrogen use efficiency Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.)Plant development, Abiotic stress tolerance, Yield, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression13 Feb 2007Surrendered
DIR 069/2006Bayer CropScience Pty LtdLimited and controlled release of GM herbicide tolerant hybrid Brassica napus and hybrid Brassica junceaCanola and Indian Mustard (Brassica napus L. and Brassica juncea L.)Herbicide tolerance, Hybrid breeding system,03 Mar 2017Surrendered
DIR 068/2006Florigene Pty LtdLimited and Controlled Release of Genetically Modified (GM) Torenia with altered flower colourTorenia cv. "Summerwave®" (Torenia X hybrida)Modified colour, Selectable marker - antibiotic20 Dec 2006Surrendered
DIR 067/2006CSIROLimited and controlled release of waterlogging tolerant (GM) cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Abiotic stress tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic12 Dec 2006Surrendered
DIR 065/2006Monsanto Australia LtdLimited and controlled release of insect resistant genetically modified cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic13 Oct 2006Surrendered
DIR 064/2006Monsanto Australia LtdLimited and controlled release of water-efficient genetically modified cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Abiotic stress tolerance, Selectable marker - herbicide, Selectable marker - antibiotic11 Oct 2006Surrendered
DIR 063/2005Hexima LtdField trial of GM cotton expressing natural plant genes for fungal controlCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Disease resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic29 Aug 2006Surrendered
DIR 060/2005Florigene Pty LtdLimited and controlled release of GM rose linesRose (Rosa X hybrida L.)Modified colour, Selectable marker - antibiotic24 Mar 2006Surrendered
DIR 059/2005Monsanto Australia LtdCommercial release of herbicide tolerant (Roundup Ready Flex® MON 88913) and herbicide tolerant/insect resistant (Roundup Ready Flex® MON 88913/Bollgard II®) cotton south of latitude 22° South in AustraliaCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Herbicide tolerance, Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression16 Feb 2006Surrendered
DIR 058/2005Deltapine Australia Pty LtdLimited and controlled release of insect resistant (VIP) GM cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic27 Oct 2005Surrendered
DIR 057/2004Bayer CropScience Pty LtdField trials of genetically modified herbicide tolerant, hybrid Brassica junceaIndian mustard (includes Brown and Oriental mustard) (Brassica juncea L. Czern and Coss.)Herbicide tolerance, Plant development02 Jun 2005Surrendered
DIR 056/2004Bayer CropScience Pty LtdField trial of herbicide tolerant (LLCotton25)and herbicide tolerant/insect resistant (LLCotton25/Bollgard II®) cottonsCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Herbicide tolerance, Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression24 Aug 2005Surrendered
DIR 055/2004Monsanto Australia LtdField trial of herbicide tolerant (Roundup Ready® Flex MON 88913) and herbicide tolerant/insect resistant (Roundup Ready® Flex MON 88913/Bollgard II®) cottonsCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Herbicide tolerance, Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression26 Apr 2005Surrendered
DIR 054/2004CSIROField trial of genetically modified wheat with altered grain starchWheat (Triticum aestivum L.)Composition - food (human nutrition), Selectable marker - antibiotic13 Apr 2005Surrendered
DIR 053/2004Grain Biotech Australia Pty LtdField trial of genetically modified salt tolerant wheat on saline landWheat (Triticum aestivum L.)Abiotic stress tolerance, Selectable marker - herbicide21 Apr 2005Surrendered
DIR 052/2004CSIROField trial of genetically modified rice (Oryza sativa L.) functional characterisation of the rice genomeRice (Oryza sativa L. cv Nipponbare)Gene tagging, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Selectable marker - herbicide, Reporter gene expression18 Feb 2005Surrendered
DIR 051/2004The University of QueenslandField trial of genetically modified (GM) sugarcane expressing sucrose isomeraseSugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L. x S. spontaneum L.)Product quality - food, Selectable marker - antibiotic11 Feb 2005Surrendered
DIR 050/2004Queensland Department of Primary Industries & FisheriesVaccination of cattle with recombinant bovine herpesvirus vaccinesBovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) (Bovine herpesvirus 1 subtype 1.2b strain V155)Vaccine - attenuation, Vaccine - antigen expression, Reporter gene expression26 Apr 2005Surrendered
DIR 049/2004CSIROGM cotton Field Trial - Evaluation under field conditions of the cotton rubisco small subunit promoter driving a reporter geneCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expresion21 Oct 2004Surrendered
DIR 048/2003Hexima LtdField trial to assess transgenic cotton expressing natural plant genes for insect controlCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic30 Jul 2004Surrendered
DIR 046/2003Imugene LimitedLimited and controlled release of GM fowl adenovirus (FAV)Fowl adenovirus (Fowl adenovirus, serotype 8, isolate CFA44)Vaccine - attenuation16 Sep 2013Surrendered
DIR 044/2003Dow AgroSciences Australia Pty LtdAgronomic assessment and seed increase of transgenic cottons expressing insecticidal genes (cry1Ac and cry1Fa) from Bacillus thuringiensisCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - herbicide28 May 2004Surrendered
DIR 040/2003Dow AgroSciences Australia Pty LtdAgronomic assessment and seed increase of transgenic cotton expressing insect tolerance genes from Bacillus thuringiensisCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - herbicide28 Nov 2003Surrendered
DIR 039/2003CSIROField Evaluation of Genetically Modified High Oleic (HO) CottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Composition - food (processing), Selectable marker - antibiotic28 Oct 2003Surrendered
DIR 038/2003CSIROField trial for breeding and pre-commercial evaluation of GM cotton expressing tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammoniumCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Herbicide tolerance03 Nov 2003Surrendered
DIR 036/2003CSIROBreeding and pre-commercial evaluation of transgenic cotton expressing a vegetative insecticidal protein (VIP) gene and a herbicide tolerance geneCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic31 Oct 2003Surrendered
DIR 035/2003Monsanto Australia LtdField trials of herbicide tolerant (Roundup Ready® MON 88913) and herbicide tolerant/insect resistant (Roundup Ready® MON 88913/Bollgard II®) cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Herbicide tolerance, Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression15 Oct 2003Surrendered
DIR 034/2003Syngenta Seeds Pty LtdThe evaluation of transgenic cotton plants expressing the VIP geneCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic15 Oct 2003Surrendered
DIR 033/2002CSL LtdCommercial release of recombinant live oral cholera vaccine (Orochol® vaccine)Cholera vaccine (Vibrio cholerae)Vaccine - attenuation, Selectable marker - other20 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 032/2002Bayer CropScience Pty LtdField Trial - Seed increase and field evaluation of herbicide tolerant hybrid canolaCanola (Brassica napus L.)Herbicide tolerance, Plant development10 Mar 2004Surrendered
DIR 031/2002CSIROField trial of GM grapevines - Evaluation of berry colour, sugar composition, flower and fruit development and gene flow studyGrapevines (Vitis vinifera L.)Product quality - food, Plant development, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression18 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 028/2002Queensland Department of Primary IndustriesField trial of pineapple plants modified for blackheart reduction and to delay floweringPineapple (Ananas comosus)Product quality - food, Plant development, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression19 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 027/2002The University of QueenslandField trial of pineapple plants modified to control floweringPineapple (Ananas comosus)Plant development, Selectable marker - herbicide, Reporter gene expresion19 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 026/2002The University of QueenslandField trial for evaluation of GM papaya to delay fruit ripening and to test the expression of the introduced genesPapaya (Carica papaya)Product quality - food, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expresion17 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 025/2002CSIROSeed increase and efficacy studies in Northern Australia of transgenic cotton expressing a new insecticidal protein gene (VIP3A)Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic06 May 2003Surrendered
DIR 023/2002Monsanto Australia LtdCommercial release of herbicide tolerant (Roundup Ready®) and herbicide tolerant/insect resistant (Roundup Ready®/INGARD® cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic20 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 022/2002Monsanto Australia LtdCommercial release of insecticidal (INGARD®) cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic12 Jun 2003Surrendered
DIR 019/2002BSES LimitedAgronomic assessment of transgenic sugarcane engineered with reporter genesSugarcane (Saccharum interspecific hybrid)Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expresion18 Dec 2002Surrendered
DIR 018/2002CSIROField trial of oilseed poppy in Tasmania to evaluate alkaloid productionPoppy (Papaver somniferum)Composition – non food, Selectable marker - antibiotic06 Nov 2002Surrendered
DIR 017/2002CSIROField trials of insect resistant cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic14 Oct 2002Surrendered
DIR 016/2002CSIROField trials of insect resistant and glufosinate tolerant cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - herbicide14 Oct 2002Surrendered
DIR 015/2002CSIROField trials of glufosinate ammonium tolerant cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Herbicide tolerance14 Oct 2002Surrendered
DIR 012/2002Monsanto Australia LtdCommercial release of BollgardII and BollgardII/Roundup Ready® cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression23 Sep 2002Surrendered
DIR 011/2001Monsanto Australia LtdField trials of Roundup Ready® canola (Brassica napus) in Australia in 2002Canola (Brassica napus L.)Herbicide tolerance22 Aug 2002Surrendered
DIR 010/2001Aventis CropScience Pty LtdSmall and large scale trialing of InVigor® canola (Brassica napus) for development for the Australian cropping systemCanola (Brassica napus L.)Herbicide tolerance, Hybrid breeding system30 Jul 2002Surrendered
DIR 009/2001Department of Agriculture (WA)Preliminary field evaluation of Bollgard II® cotton in the Kimberley region of WACotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic,Reporter gene expression28 Mar 2002Surrendered
DIR 008/2001Department of Agriculture (WA)Integrated pest management systems for INGARD® cottonCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Selectable marker - antibiotic28 Mar 2002Surrendered
DIR 007/2001Department of Agriculture (WA)Improved alkaloid production in oilseed poppy (Papaver somniferum)Oilseed Poppy (Papaver somniferum subsp somniferum)Composition – non food, Selectable marker - antibiotic30 Jul 2002Surrendered
DIR 006/2001CSIROAgronomic assessment and seed increase in northern Australia of transgenic cotton expressing Cry1Ac or Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab from Bacillus thuringiensisCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression28 Mar 2002Surrendered
DIR 005/2001Cotton Seed Distributors LtdAgronomic assessments and seed increase in Eastern Australia of transgenic cotton expressing Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab from Bacillus thuringiensisCotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)Insect resistance, Herbicide tolerance, Selectable marker - antibiotic, Reporter gene expression18 Jan 2002Surrendered